All milk transport operators must have a documented Food Safety Program (FSP) approved by State Dairy Food Authorities (SDFAs). Core elements of the FSP include:
- control of food safety hazards during collection and transport from equipment, vehicles, containers and personnel
- product traceability
- time & temperature controls
- personnel skills and knowledge
The temperature and time of transport must be managed to minimise food safety risks.
In peak season, collection usually occurs daily. When production declines, milk collections may reduce to a SDFA approved frequency.
Prior to milk collection at the farm, tanker drivers sample milk for testing by the company. Typical tests include fat, protein, somatic cell count, microbiological quality and antibiotic residues. The results of the tests are provided to the farmer and used as a basis for payment. If an abnormal result is detected, the farmer is promptly notified of the result and appropriate action is taken.
On arrival at the factory, the manufacturer may sample the milk for further testing.
Tankers are cleaned using Cleaning in Place (CIP) systems with approved chemicals and potable water.
Information on the origin of and destination of milk supplies is recorded to ensure traceability from farm to manufacturer and from manufacturer to farm.