Dairy at a glance

Farmer with his calves

The table below highlights some key features of the Australian dairy industry and gives an insight into how dairy contributes to Australia’s social and economic well being.

Other pages in this section provide more detailed facts and figures on key elements of Australian dairy production and trade including the latest updates on what products we make and where we sell them plus trends in dairy farm and cow numbers and the cost of key inputs to production like feed and grain.

Australian Dairy At A Glance (2014/15)

National Dairy Herd 1.74 million cows
Average Herd Size 284 cows
Milk Production 9,731 billion litres
Average Annual Milk Production Per Cow 5,730 litres
Dairy - Australia's 3rd Largest Rural Industry $13.5 billion farm, manufacturing and export industry
Milk Utilisation

Cheese 31 per cent
SMP/butter 27 per cent
Drinking milk 25 per cent
WMP 8 per cent
Other 9 per cent

Production Of Main Commodities (tonnes)

Milk Powders 332,900
Cheese 344,000
Butter 118,700

Dairy - Major Export Industry

$2.88 billion (2014/15)
 6 per cent of world dairy trade

Percentage Of Australian Milk Production Exported 34 per cent (2014/15)
Major Markets For Australian Dairy Products (Tonnes)

Australia 3,033,000
(including drinking milk)
Greater China 136,400
Japan 103,900
Singapore 86,600
Indonesia 59,400
Malaysia 51,100

Per Capita Consumption Drinking milk 105 litres
Cheese 13.6 kilograms
Dairy Industry Workforce Direct employment of approximately 39,000