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Read about updates on Australia-EU FTA/Geographical Indications.


GIs consultation process

13 August 2019

The Australian Government has announced a public consultation process on Geographical Indications, as part of the Australia-EU Free Trade Agreement.

This process is an important opportunity for all stakeholders to be actively involved and share their views with the Australian Government.  Consumers, dairy farmers, cheese manufacturers and the community more broadly can provide submissions to this process.

Senator Birmingham, Minister for Trade, announced the launch of a consultation process on a list of Geographical Indications (GIs) that the EU wants to protect. The proposed list of protected terms can be found on the DFAT website.

The ADIC has welcomed the consultation process and has made it clear that defending the rights of Australian dairy to use common food names, such as feta, is a key industry priority.

ADIC has issued a media release.

Australia’s dairy industry traditionally welcomes negotiations towards free trade agreements. This is because FTA’s typically provide improved market access opportunities that benefit Australia’s 5700 dairy farms, and the 42,600 people that work across the dairy industry.

However, the industry has concerns with the EU insistence on protecting cheese names as part of the FTA, when these dairy products are considered common food names.

The dairy industry has long argued against the EU’s regime of protecting GIs. Many other dairy producing countries have also opposed moves by the EU to extend their GIs regime.  Further, a consultation process on GIs is not unique to Australia.

Dairy Australia, Australian Dairy Farmers, Australian Dairy Products Federation and State Farming Organisations welcome discussion on GIs. All organisations urge interested parties to provide a submission.

Submissions can be lodged with DFAT

Update on Australia-EU FTA/Geographical 


5 June 2019

In mid-2018, Australia and the European Union (EU) commenced negotiations towards a Free Trade Agreement (FTA).

For many of Australia’s agricultural industries, a FTA with the EU has the potential to open up a market for Australian goods and services of half a billion people and with GDP of US$17.3 trillion.

However, for Australia’s dairy industry, there is concern that a FTA may present a challenge as the EU is seeking to protect a number of food names, known as Geographical Indications (GIs).

For the purpose of these FTA negotiations, GIs can be defined as food products whose name incorporates a specific place name or, in some cases, words associated with a particular place in order to identify that the product:

  • comes from a specific place of origin, or
  • possesses a specific quality, reputation or other characteristic that is deemed to be attributable to its geographic origin.

The EU has registered a wide range of products as GIs in its meat, dairy and wine sectors (including over 260 cheeses). It regulates the domestic production and sale of these products within Europe. This is best illustrated with an example from the wine industry, where champagne and burgundy are both now protected GIs.  this means that Australian wine producers are not able to call wines by these names.

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) has established rules that govern the international trade in GI products under the Trade Related Aspects of International Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement. As a TRIPs signatory, Australia recognises and accepts the EU’s system of GI registration.

The EU has traditionally stated that the core aim of its GI system is to support consumer demand for quality foodstuffs in its domestic market and to give EU consumers clear and succinct information on the origins of any foods that they purchase. But, over recent decades, it has worked continuously in both multilateral and bilateral forums to increase the level of protection afforded to registered EU GI products (especially dairy).

The EU’s approach in recent trade negotiations with other countries suggests strongly that one of its clear objectives for any FTA with Australia will be to extend the protocols and protections for GIs.The EU has publicly stated its interest in protecting a number of GIs in their FTA with Australia.

The Australian dairy industry, in conjunction with government and like-minded international industries, has long worked to protect Australian commercial interests in the trade in GIs.

However, in FTA negotiations with the EU, GI protection for dairy products will be a central feature of the debate.

Reflecting Australia’s migration history, a considerable element of the local dairy industry has strong historical links with Europe and many firms produce “traditionally European” products for local and export sale. These firms are located across all states of Australia. Including broad GI protections in any FTA could have significant implications for these local dairy manufacturers, their farm milk suppliers and the broader local communities in which they operate.

This is because a GI deal could:

  1. Impact on the name of dairy goods produced in Australia
  2. Impact on the packaging and labels used for products in Australia that may evoke an image of a particular EU GI product in the mind of consumers eg. flags, colours or images.

The Australian Dairy Industry Council (ADIC) has been vocal in its opposition to a strict GI regime. 

Dairy Australia is currently assessing Australia’s cheese production to determine the potential implications of such an agreement manufacturers.   

You can help us in this process by completing an in-confidence survey about your current cheese production.

Dairy Australia welcomes the opportunity to discuss GIs with you and can be contacted via our contact us page. 

For updates on the Australia-EU Free Trade Agreement and Geographical Indications, please sign up to receive notifications when updates are posted to the Dairy Australia website.


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