Dairy Australia - Dairy information for Australian Dairy Farmers and the industry

Primary content

Fat and protein

Cows’ milk consists of solids (milkfat, protein, lactose and minerals) in water, with water making up about 87% of the volume. The milkfat and protein components are those on which companies base their farmgate milk prices, with protein usually the more valuable component.

Milk composition varies between regions due to a number of factors, such as cow breed and age, nutrition and feed quality.

Average protein/fat composition by state (%)

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS AUST
Milkfat
2004/05 3.89 4.12 3.99 3.94 3.87 4.28 4.07
2005/06 3.91 4.08 4.00 3.88 3.91 4.29 4.05
2006/07 3.88 4.09 3.98 3.90 3.92 4.25 4.05
2007/08 3.97 4.14 4.01 3.95 3.95 4.20 4.10
2008/09 3.93 4.22 3.97 3.93 3.99 4.25 4.15
2009/10 3.97 4.20 4.05 4.05 3.91 4.34 4.15
2010/11 3.92 4.15 4.00 3.82 3.96 4.28 4.10
2011/12 3.90 4.08 4.00 3.85 3.86 4.25 4.05
2012/13 3.92 4.12 4.02 3.81 3.87 4.32 4.08
2013/14
3.91
4.10
3.98
3.80
3.88
4.30
4.07
2014/15
3.93 4.15
4.01
3.77
3.89
4.35
4.11
2015/16 
3.92
4.12
4.00
3.77
3.92
4.30
4.08
2016/17 (p)  3.91  4.13  4.00  3.84  3.92  4.34  4.10 
Protein
2004/05 3.23 3.32 3.23 3.24 3.11 3.35 3.29
2005/06 3.25 3.33 3.33 3.25 3.15 3.37 3.31
2006/07 3.24 3.33 3.22 3.25 3.19 3.37 3.30
2007/08 3.25 3.34 3.25 3.25 3.19 3.39 3.32
2008/09 3.26 3.38 3.28 3.28 3.24 3.39 3.35
2009/10 3.27 3.35 3.33 3.27 3.20 3.41 3.34
2010/11 3.26 3.38 3.31 3.28 3.23 3.44 3.35
2011/12 3.28 3.36 3.31 3.27 3.16 3.44 3.34
2012/13
3.27 3.36 3.29 3.26 3.20 3.47 3.35
2013/14
3.28
3.39
3.29
3.27
3.18
3.47
3.37
2014/15
3.29
3.40
3.32
3.29
3.22
3.49
3.38
2015/16 
3.29
3.40
3.32
3.28
3.23
3.48
3.38
2016/17 (p)  3.28  3.41  3.30  3.31  3.24  3.50  3.39 

Major Initiatives

Focus Farms

Dairy Australia has established a network of Focus Farms to support farmer decision making. Find out how Focus Farms looks at the factors impacting decisions at any point in time, including seasonal and market conditions.

Datagene

DataGene is an independent and industry-owned organisation responsible for driving genetic gain and herd improvement in the Australian dairy industry and is an initiative of Dairy Australia and industry.

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