Dairy Australia - Dairy information for Australian Dairy Farmers and the industry

Primary content

Fat and protein

Cows’ milk consists of solids (milkfat, protein, lactose and minerals) in water, with water making up about 87% of the volume. The milkfat and protein components are those on which companies base their farmgate milk prices, with protein usually the more valuable component.

Milk composition varies between regions due to a number of factors, such as cow breed and age, nutrition and feed quality.

Average protein/fat composition by state (%)

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS AUST
Milkfat
2004/05 3.89 4.12 3.99 3.94 3.87 4.28 4.07
2005/06 3.91 4.08 4.00 3.88 3.91 4.29 4.05
2006/07 3.88 4.09 3.98 3.90 3.92 4.25 4.05
2007/08 3.97 4.14 4.01 3.95 3.95 4.20 4.10
2008/09 3.93 4.22 3.97 3.93 3.99 4.25 4.15
2009/10 3.97 4.20 4.05 4.05 3.91 4.34 4.15
2010/11 3.92 4.15 4.00 3.82 3.96 4.28 4.10
2011/12 3.90 4.08 4.00 3.85 3.86 4.25 4.05
2012/13 3.92 4.12 4.02 3.81 3.87 4.32 4.08
2013/14
3.91
4.10
3.98
3.80
3.88
4.30
4.07
2014/15
3.93 4.15
4.01
3.77
3.89
4.35
4.11
2015/16 
3.92
4.12
4.00
3.77
3.92
4.30
4.08
2016/17 (p)  3.91  4.13  4.00  3.84  3.92  4.34  4.10 
Protein
2004/05 3.23 3.32 3.23 3.24 3.11 3.35 3.29
2005/06 3.25 3.33 3.33 3.25 3.15 3.37 3.31
2006/07 3.24 3.33 3.22 3.25 3.19 3.37 3.30
2007/08 3.25 3.34 3.25 3.25 3.19 3.39 3.32
2008/09 3.26 3.38 3.28 3.28 3.24 3.39 3.35
2009/10 3.27 3.35 3.33 3.27 3.20 3.41 3.34
2010/11 3.26 3.38 3.31 3.28 3.23 3.44 3.35
2011/12 3.28 3.36 3.31 3.27 3.16 3.44 3.34
2012/13
3.27 3.36 3.29 3.26 3.20 3.47 3.35
2013/14
3.28
3.39
3.29
3.27
3.18
3.47
3.37
2014/15
3.29
3.40
3.32
3.29
3.22
3.49
3.38
2015/16 
3.29
3.40
3.32
3.28
3.23
3.48
3.38
2016/17 (p)  3.28  3.41  3.30  3.31  3.24  3.50  3.39 

Initiatives

Dairy Feed tools

Dairy Feed Tools is a complete feed management toolset for dairy farmers and managers. Feed planning, cost and resource management backed by Australian feed and pasture data to most accurately reflect the needs of your herd.

Hay and grain reports

The hay and grain report is commissioned by Dairy Australia to provide an independent and timely assessment of hay and grain markets in each dairying region. The report is updated 40 weeks per year.

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