Dairy Australia - Dairy information for Australian Dairy Farmers and the industry

Primary content

Fat and protein

Cows’ milk consists of solids (milkfat, protein, lactose and minerals) in water, which makes up about 87% of the volume. The milkfat and protein components are those on which companies base their farmgate milk prices. Traditionally protein has been the most valuable component.

Milk composition can vary between regions and seasons. This may be due to several factors, such as cow breed, age, nutrition and feed quality.


Average protein/fat composition by state (%)

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS AUST
Milkfat
2004/05 3.89 4.12 3.99 3.94 3.87 4.28 4.07
2005/06 3.91 4.08 4.00 3.88 3.91 4.29 4.05
2006/07 3.88 4.09 3.98 3.90 3.92 4.25 4.05
2007/08 3.97 4.14 4.01 3.95 3.95 4.20 4.10
2008/09 3.93 4.22 3.97 3.93 3.99 4.25 4.15
2009/10 3.97 4.20 4.05 4.05 3.91 4.34 4.15
2010/11 3.92 4.15 4.00 3.82 3.96 4.28 4.10
2011/12 3.90 4.08 4.00 3.85 3.86 4.25 4.05
2012/13 3.92 4.12 4.02 3.81 3.87 4.32 4.08
2013/14
3.91
4.10
3.98
3.80
3.88
4.30
4.07
2014/15
3.93 4.15
4.01
3.77
3.89
4.35
4.11
2015/16 
3.92
4.12
4.00
3.77
3.92
4.30
4.08
2016/17  3.91  4.13  4.00  3.84  3.92  4.34  4.10 
2017/18  3.93  4.12  4.05  3.80  3.91  4.31  4.09 
2018/19  3.89 4.12  4.05  3.84  3.90  4.39  4.10 
Protein
2004/05 3.23 3.32 3.23 3.24 3.11 3.35 3.29
2005/06 3.25 3.33 3.33 3.25 3.15 3.37 3.31
2006/07 3.24 3.33 3.22 3.25 3.19 3.37 3.30
2007/08 3.25 3.34 3.25 3.25 3.19 3.39 3.32
2008/09 3.26 3.38 3.28 3.28 3.24 3.39 3.35
2009/10 3.27 3.35 3.33 3.27 3.20 3.41 3.34
2010/11 3.26 3.38 3.31 3.28 3.23 3.44 3.35
2011/12 3.28 3.36 3.31 3.27 3.16 3.44 3.34
2012/13
3.27 3.36 3.29 3.26 3.20 3.47 3.35
2013/14
3.28
3.39
3.29
3.27
3.18
3.47
3.37
2014/15
3.29
3.40
3.32
3.29
3.22
3.49
3.38
2015/16 
3.29
3.40
3.32
3.28
3.23
3.48
3.38
2016/17  3.28  3.41  3.30  3.31  3.24  3.50  3.39 
2017/18  3.30  3.41  3.31  3.28  3.24  3.51  3.39 
2018/19  3.25  3.40  3.29  3.29  3.22  3.50  3.38 

Initiatives

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The hay and grain report is commissioned by Dairy Australia to provide an independent and timely assessment of hay and grain markets in each dairying region. The report is updated 40 weeks per year.

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